Users can model bridges directly inside of 2D flow areas. Bridges inside of 2D flow areas can handle the full range of flow regimes, from low flow to pressure flow, and combined pressure flow and flow going over top of the bridge deck or roadway. Users enter bridge data inside of 2D Flow Areas similarly to the modeling of bridges in a 1D model. Additionally, users have the same low flow (energy, momentum, and Yarnell) and high flow (energy and pressure/weir) bridge modeling approaches available for 1D bridge modeling (except the WSPRO low flow method is not available for 2D modeling).
The Connection Bridge Modeling Approach Editor (Figure 3-56) is very similar to the bridge modeling approach editor for 1D bridges. The user can select one or more low flow bridge hydraulic methods (water stays below the low chord of the bridge deck and does not pressurize the bridge opening) and take the Highest Energy Answer as the selected answer. Available Low Flow Methods are: Energy, Momentum, and Yarnell. The WSPRO low flow bridge modeling method was removed, from this editor in HEC-RAS Version 6.0, as it requires approach and exit cross sections which are not available inside of a 2D flow area.
As show in Figure 3-57, the user must enter the following information: Number of points on free flow curve (maximum is 100), Number of submerged curves (maximum is 60), Number of points on each submerged curve (maximum is 60), and Head water maximum elevation. The Tail water maximum elevation is optional, as is the Maximum Flow. However, the maximum flow is recommended as it will help control the limits of the connection hydraulic property table. Click OK to close the editor and return to the Connection Data Editor.
For modeling bridges inside of a 2D flow area, HEC-RAS will automatically create the four needed cross sections for pre-processing the bridge hydraulics into a family of curves. These four cross section locations are:
After the user has entered the bridge data and has ensured that the mess/cells and the 1D cross sections are well formed around the bridge, then the user must run the 2D Geometric Preprocessor to generate the bridge family of curves (which is computed for each bridge in the model). If HEC-RAS detects that the Geometric Preprocessor needs to be computed, then the software automatically runs the preprocessor before an unsteady flow simulation. However, the user can just run the Geometric Preprocessor, without performing the full Unsteady Flow computations, to view the bridge curves before the unsteady flow computations are performed. Either way, once the geometric preprocessor is run, the user can view the family of curves for each of the bridges in the model.
This is the official merseyflow website and the only place to register for an account and discounted plan to save on the Mersey Gateway Bridge and Silver Jubilee Bridge toll/charge costs.Our free flow tolling system means we do not use pay booths. This helps reduce journey times and minimise congestion.There are different discount plans available to suit your needs. These include plans for Halton residents and Blue Badge holders, as well as pre-pay and monthly pass options.Remember - if you do not register for an account, you can pay the full toll/charge up to 12 months in advance of a crossing or by midnight the day after your crossing.
Hydronia develops hydrologic and hydraulic river and estuary models to simulate 2D and 3D free surface flows, sediment transport and pollutants discharges including oil spills using advanced and innovative methods including finite volume, finite element and neural networks. Developers of RiverFlow2D and OilFlow2D.
A dynamic coupling of MIKE 11/ MIKE HYDRO River (one-dimensional) and MIKE 21 (two-dimensional) models. Solves the fully dynamic equations of motion for one- and two-dimensional flow in open channels, riverine flood plains, alluvial fans and in costal zones. This allows for embedding of sub-grid features as 1-D links within a 2-D modeling domain. Examples of sub-grid features could include small channels, culverts, weirs, gates, bridges and other control structures. Please review 'Guidance for Flood Risk Analysis and Mapping for Floodway Analysis and Mapping' thoroughly before applying to floodway analysis. Coordination with the Regional office is required. The model must be calibrated to observed flow and stage records or high-water marks of actual flood events at both channel and floodplain.
A dynamic coupling of MIKE 11/ MIKE HYDRO River (one-dimensional) and MIKE 21 (two-dimensional) models. Solves the fully dynamic equations of motion for one- and two-dimensional flow in open channels, riverine flood plains, alluvial fans and in coastal zones. This allows for embedding of sub-grid features as 1-D links within a 2-D modeling domain. Examples of sub-grid features could include small channels, culverts, weirs, gates, bridges and other control structures.
The program simulates two-dimensional free surface flows by solving the full-dimensional, depth averaged, momentum and continuity equations. The two-dimensional simulation is dynamically linked with the one-dimensional modeling of XPSWMM/XPStorm by taking the one-dimensional water surface elevation profile as the internal boundray condition of the 2D domain. Flow rates transferred depend upon the head difference and the roughness of cells.
TU FLOW is flood simulation software that simulates the hydrodynamics of water flow using the complete 2D and 1 D free-surface flow equations. It includes a wide range of options for modeling structures and urban pipe networks, and for dynamic linking of 2D and 1 D solutions. The program is applicable to riverine flooding, dambreak inundation, urban overland and pipe network flows, and coastal inundation from surges and tsunamis. 153554b96e