Substantial global progress has been made in reducing childhood mortality since 1990. The total number of under-5 deaths worldwide has declined from 12.6 million in 1990 to 5 million in 2020. Since 1990, the global under-5 mortality rate has dropped by 60%, from 93 deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to 37 in 2020. This is equivalent to 1 in 11 children dying before reaching age 5 in 1990, compared to 1 in 27 in 2020.
Note that in a Zoroastrian calendar, a roj starts at sunrise and ends at sunrise the following day, as opposed to starting at 12:00am. For example, if you were born on July 16th 1980, the Shenshai roj is Ashishvangh (Bahman). Howeverif you were born at 3:00am, the roj is the preceding one Din (Bahman) because Ashishvangh doesn't begin until sunrise.The conversion tool has a \"Before Sunrise\" option account for this difference between the start of a day and start of a roj. Because sunrise times can vary, this tool uses 6:00am as the crossover time.
You can export the calendar as an iCalendar file for import into your Google, Microsoft, Apple, etc. calendar. The form below will create a '.ics' file for you to download. The export contains one event per day for the selected year, with the roj/mah as the event name. You can then import this into your calendar application to see the roj/mah for each day.
For example, to use this with your Google Calendar:Download the iCalendar file using the button below.Set up a new calendar in your Google Calendar application. We recommend importing into a new calendar as this makes it easier to reverse your changes in case you don't like the results; you can simply delete the new calendar thus not affecting any events in your existing calendars.Import events into your calendar using the file exported/downloaded from this site.
In the Shenshai calendar,a year consists of 12 months, or mahs, and each month has 30 days. Each of these daysis known as a roj, and each roj has a name. As 30 days * 12 months = 360 days,there are an additional 5 days (gathas) added to the 12th monthto make a 365 day year.
A solar calendar, however, is around 365 1/4 days, which the Gregorian calendaraccommodates by adding a day every four years (leap day).Because of this difference, the Zoroastrian calendar andsolar year began to diverge. In 1006 C.E. the Zoroastrian calendar and solar year once again aligned, resultingin Navroze occuring on the Vernal Equinox. It was then decided that an extramonth was to be added every 120 years to accommodate for the difference between the solaryear and the Zoroastrian calendar year.
The Zoroastrians in India (Parsis) last remembered to add this extra month in1129 C.E. Consequently, New Year, which originally correlated with the vernal equinoxon March 21st, has since fallen earlier in the Gregorian calendar year such that itnow occurs in August.
While the Zoroastrians in India intercalated an extra month to the calendar around 1129 C.E., the Zoroastrians in Irandid not, causing the calendar used by the Iranian Zoroastrians to be ahead by a month. This discrepency was brought tothe attention of the Indian Zoroastrians by a visiting Iranian priest in the 1700s. A group of Indian Zoroastrians(the Kadmi or Qadimi) decided to follow the Iranian calendar, believing it to be more authentic.
In the early twentieth century, Khurshedji Cama devised the Fasli Calendar, which maintained alignment with the seasons suchthat New Year's day coincides with the vernal equinox. Similar to the Shenshai and Kadmi calendars, it consists of 12 monthsof 30 days with an additional 5 days (gathas), but intercalates a leap day calledAvardad-sal-Gah every four years (patterned after the Gregorian calendar's leap day).
The Hindu Calendar is a collaborative work of various scholars from the ancient times of ancient India. The foremost mention of the calendar has been found in the Vedas, the ethical basis of the Hindu ethics system, which dates back to 1200 BC.
The Hindu calendar or panchanga is a calendar that works on the observation deduced from the combined information deduced from the lunar cycle and the solar cycle. Due to this, the Hindu calendar is called a lunisolar calendar. This dependence on the lunar and solar days of the year gives the Indian calendar its multidimensional nature.
There has been more than one variant of the Hindu calendar since ancient times to add more to its complicacy. The national calendar that became official in the year 1957 is but one of those many. It was selected because it covers almost all the festivals and vrat that are celebrated all around the country.
Hindu Calendar, following the lunisolar system, considers the movement of both the sun and the sea, as observed from the earth. The Lunar months in the calendar are the same time it takes the moon to revolve around the sun. As such, all the lunar days are divided into thirty lunar days.
Just as Hindu calendars can make their lunar days based on the measurement through the lunisolar system, they can apply the same to the solar side of things. The solar days are marked by the time of sunrise. One other difference that solar months have is that they are based on the Hindu zodiac signs; these zodiac signs are defined as the different periods the sun traverses through them.
Solar months are the ones that were being accepted as part of the national Hindu calendar, leading to them being regarded as civil months. At the same time, the lunar moon serves the purpose of determining regional and festive holidays.
Just like days of a week had days equal to that in Christian calendar, so do the months are in the same quantity as that of Christian calendar, i.e., 12 months or Machine in Hindi. The twelve months mentioned in the Hindu calendar are not in the same interval as the western they appear somewhere between the two consecutive months. They are as follows:-
Under favorable conditions for germination, cotton seedlings emerge five to ten days after planting or after 50 to 60 DD60s are accumulated. The fully expanded cotyledons are 1 to 2 inches above the soil surface and are arranged directly opposite the main stem. The cotton plant has a very prominent main stem, which results from the elongation and development of the terminal bud or apical meristem. The main stem consists of a series of nodes and internodes and has an indeterminate growth habit (Fig. 4). Much of the early development of the cotton plant is directed by the development of a substantial root system while growth of the first true leaves is relatively slow. The number of nodes and the length of the internodes are influenced by genetics and environmental factors such as climate, soil moisture, nutrients, disease and insects. The appearance of a new node for relatively non-stressed cotton occurs after an additional accumulation of 50 to 60 DD60s (Kerby et al., 1987; Oosterhuis, 1990).
Figure 5. Expected flowering interval in days beyond first flower illustrating the three day age difference in flowering dates of the same fruiting position on the next higher fruiting branch and the six day difference in age between fruiting positions on the same branch (Oosterhuis, 1990, with permission ASA).
The relative importance of the fruiting positions oriented from the main stem along a sympodial branch varies, i.e., the first, second and third sympodial positions contribute about 60, 30, and 10 percent of the total seed cotton yield, respectively (Bednarz et al., 2000; Jenkins et al., 1990). The lint quality tends to also decrease away from the main stem. The likely production problems occurring during the maturation stage include low temperatures and slow upper-canopy boll development, which can increase boll rot, delay harvesting, reduce the efficacy of defoliants and boll openers, and lower quality lint.
One of the most significant calendar date in an individual's life is his/ her Birthday.The exact date, month, year and time at which you took your first breath, becomesyour birthday. Recorded in your birth certificate for future references be it school,colleges as well as job. So, yes one can say that the birthday is an important dayof celebration, but beyond that into the depth of the unknown, the mystery of thecosmos your birthday speaks volumes about your life as it is and will be. AstrologyBirthday can indeed unravel the truths about who you are, what are your basic characteristicsand habits, what your share of fate and what is and how much will you get out oflife. 153554b96e